What Are the Best Strategies for Calming a Hyperactive Dog Without Medication?

Having a hyperactive dog can be quite a challenge. They tend to display excessive energy, often leading to destructive behavior. This can cause a lot of stress for both the dog and the owner. Moreover, dealing with a hyperactive dog requires a lot of time, patience, and understanding. It is important to remember, however, that medicating your dog should be a last resort. There are numerous strategies that can help calm your hyperactive dog without medication.

1. Proper Exercise is Key

Regular physical activity is crucial for a dog’s overall well-being, especially for hyperactive dogs. The saying goes, "a tired dog is a good dog," and it’s absolutely true. Exercise helps burn off your dog’s excessive energy, making them calmer and more content throughout the day.

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How much exercise a dog needs varies depending on their breed, age, and health. Generally, dogs should get at least 1 to 2 hours of exercise each day, but some high-energy breeds may need more. You can split this workout session into two parts – one in the morning and another one in the late afternoon.

Remember that the type of exercise should be appropriate for your dog’s breed and age. Some dogs may enjoy a long walk or a run, while others may prefer more mental stimulation like chasing a ball or playing with interactive toys.

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2. Training Your Dog to Calm Down

Training is another effective way to manage your dog’s hyperactivity. Dogs are creatures of habit and they thrive on routine and structure. Training provides a sense of order and teaches your dog self-control.

One method of calming your hyper dog is through impulse control exercises. These exercises teach your dog to wait for things they want and to stay calm in exciting situations. Examples of impulse control exercises include teaching your dog to sit and stay before getting a treat, or wait calmly at the door before going for a walk.

You can also consider obedience training. This form of training teaches your dog basic commands like "sit", "stay", "come", and "down". These commands can help redirect your dog’s energy and focus it on performing a task.

3. Mental Stimulation is Equally Important

While physical exercise is important, mental stimulation is equally crucial in calming a hyperactive dog. Mental stimulation can tire a dog’s mind out, making it less likely for them to engage in destructive behavior due to hyperactivity.

There are several ways to provide mental stimulation for your dog. Treat-dispensing toys can keep your dog busy for hours as they work to get the treats out. Training exercises are also a great way to work your dog’s mind.

Moreover, you can try scent games with your dog. Hide treats or toys around your house or garden and let your dog find them. This not only provides mental stimulation but also taps into your dog’s natural instincts.

4. The Role of a Balanced Diet

What your dog eats can significantly affect their behavior. A balanced diet is essential in managing a dog’s hyperactivity. Some foods can cause a spike in energy levels, leading to hyper behavior.

Avoid feeding your dog with foods high in sugar and artificial additives. These ingredients can cause energy levels to spike and crash, leading to behavior problems. Instead, opt for high-quality, natural dog food.

Remember, feeding times can also play a role in your dog’s behavior. Regular feeding times can create a routine that can help regulate your dog’s energy levels throughout the day.

5. Seeking Professional Help

While these tactics can help, sometimes, professional help is needed. Dog trainers and animal behaviorists can offer tailored solutions for your hyperactive pup.

Dog trainers can help with specific training techniques and exercises to calm your dog and encourage good behavior.

Animal behaviorists, on the other hand, study behavior and its causes. They can provide insights into why your dog is behaving a certain way and suggest ways to change it.

Remember, it is crucial to be patient with your dog. Changing behavior takes time. The goal is to have a happy, well-adjusted pet that is a joy to be around. Each dog is unique, so what works for one might not work for another. The key is to try different methods and see what works best for your pet.

6. Implementing a Consistent Routine

Routines offer security and predictability to a hyper dog. Dogs, like humans, benefit from having a regular schedule. Knowing what’s coming next can help to reduce their anxiety and keep them calm. A routine will help to structure your dog’s day and can significantly help with hyperactivity issues.

Start your dog’s day with a morning exercise routine. This could include a brisk walk, a run in the park, or some fetch time in your backyard. Establish set feeding times and stick to them. Consistent mealtimes not only aid digestion but can also help to regulate your dog’s energy levels.

In addition to physical exercise and feeding times, factor in time for mental exercise. This could involve training exercises, brain games or interactive toys that challenge their mind. Wind down the day with a calm activity like a gentle walk or a cuddle session, signaling to your dog that it’s time to relax and sleep.

Remember, consistency is key. Do your best to adhere to the routine as closely as possible. Any significant changes to the routine can cause your dog to become anxious, which may exacerbate their hyperactivity. However, don’t forget to incorporate some flexibility. Life happens, and sometimes the routine may have to be slightly adjusted.

7. Creating a Calming Environment

Your dog’s environment plays a significant role in their behavior. A chaotic or stressful environment can make your dog anxious, leading to hyperactivity. On the other hand, a calm, peaceful environment is likely to help your hyper dog feel more relaxed.

Creating a calm environment involves reducing potential stressors. This could mean turning off loud music, keeping the house tidy to prevent trip hazards, or providing a personal space for your dog. A dog bed or crate in a quiet corner of the house can serve as a sanctuary for your dog to retreat when they need a break.

Introducing calming elements into your home can also be beneficial. This could be soothing music specially designed for dogs, or pheromone diffusers that release calming scents. Be mindful of your own energy as well. Dogs are very sensitive to human emotions and can pick up on stress or tension. Try to remain calm and composed around your dog to help them stay relaxed.


Dealing with a hyperactive dog can be challenging, but remember that your dog isn’t acting out on purpose. They’re simply trying to cope with the high energy levels coursing through them. Implementing strategies such as regular physical exercise, training, mental stimulation, a balanced diet, professional help, maintaining a consistent routine and creating a calming environment will significantly help in managing your dog’s hyperactivity.

Each dog is unique, and you may need to try different strategies to see what works best for your pet. Always remember to be patient and understanding. With time, consistency, and love, your hyper dog will learn to channel their energy in a positive way, leading to a calmer, happier dog and a more peaceful home environment.